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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Role of c-fos in the regulation of type X collagen gene expression by PTH and PTHrP: localization of a PTH/PTHrP-responsive region in the human COL10A1 enhancer.

PTH and PTHrP have been shown to inhibit maturation of growth plate chondrocytes and the expression of type X collagen. In order to examine the regulatory mechanisms involved, fetal bovine growth plate chondrocytes were incubated for 24-48 h under serum-free conditions with PTH and PTHrP and various aminoterminal, midregional, and carboxyterminal fragments of these hormones. Analysis of type X collagen mRNA levels by Northern hybridization showed a significant suppression by PTH (1-84), PTH (1-34), and PTHrP (1-40), but not by PTH (28-48) or PTH (53-84). PTH fragment (3-34) did not reduce alpha1(X) mRNA levels, while bis-indolylmaleimide, an inhibitor of the protein-kinase C pathway, did not affect alpha1(X) mRNA suppression by PTH, supporting the notion that the inhibition of type X collagen expression by PTH involves predominantly the adenylate cyclase pathway of the PTH/PTHrP-receptor. Since PTH and PTHrP have been shown to induce c-fos in osteoblasts and chondrocytes, the possibility was tested that c-fos mediated the suppressive effect of PTH/PTHrP on collagen X expression. In fetal bovine hypertrophic chondrocytes PTH (1-34), but not PTH (3-34) nor the midregional or C-terminal PTH fragments induced c-fos expression. In order to identify cis- and trans-acting elements in the COL10A1 gene involved in c-fos- mediated inhibition of collagen X expression by PTH/PTHrP, reporter gene constructs carrying various fragments of the human COL10A1 promoter coupled to the luciferase gene were transfected into hypertrophic chondrocytes. A tissue-specific, strong enhancer region, which we had previously located in the promoter of the human type X collagen gene COL10A1, was further narrowed down to a 530-bp sequence, located between - 1,870- and - 2,407 bp upstream of the transcription start site. The transcriptional activity of this enhancer element in transfected hypertrophic chondrocytes was significantly reduced after incubation with PTH (1-34) or PTHrP (1-40). Transcription of these reporter genes was also inhibited when chondrocytes were cotransfected with a c-fos expression vector. These results indicate the presence of a PTH/PTHrP responsive element in the human COL10A1 enhancer, which may be represented by multiple putative AP-1 sites located in this region.[1]


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