The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Acyclic nucleoside analogues as novel inhibitors of human mitochondrial thymidine kinase.

A series of acyclic nucleoside analogues of 5'-O-tritylthymidine have been synthesized and evaluated as potential human mitochondrial thymidine kinase (TK-2) inhibitors. In this series, the sugar moiety of the parent 5'-O-tritylthymidine has been replaced by aliphatic chains including (E)- and (Z)-butenol, butynol, or butanol. Among them the (Z)-butenyl derivative (10) showed an IC(50) against TK-2 of 1.5 microM, being 1 order of magnitude more potent than the parent 5'-O-tritylthymidine. This lead compound has been further modified by replacing the thymine base by other pyrimidine bases such as 5-iodouracil, 5-ethyluracil, 5-methylcytosine, 3-N-methylthymine, or 5,6-dihydrothymine, as well as by the purine base guanine. The trityl group has also been replaced by different aliphatic and aromatic acyl moieties including tert-butylacetyl, hexanoyl, decanoyl, and diphenylacetyl moieties. The evaluation of the compounds against TK-2 and the phylogenetically close HSV-1 TK has shown that the base moiety plays a crucial role in their interaction against these pyrimidine nucleoside kinases. Also, the presence of a lipophilic substituent, preferentially an aromatic moiety such as diphenylmethyl or triphenylmethyl, is required for efficient TK-2 inhibition. Whereas some compounds showed marked specificity for either TK-2 (i.e, the 5,6-dihydrothymine derivative, 26) or HSV-1 TK (i.e., the butynyl derivative, 11), some others, including the (Z)-and (E)-butenyl derivatives 10 and 12, showed significant inhibition against both enzymes. They also proved to be inhibitory against HSV-1 TK in intact human osteosarcoma cells that were transduced with the HSV-1 TK gene.[1]


  1. Acyclic nucleoside analogues as novel inhibitors of human mitochondrial thymidine kinase. Hernández, A.I., Balzarini, J., Karlsson, A., Camarasa, M.J., Pérez-Pérez, M.J. J. Med. Chem. (2002) [Pubmed]
WikiGenes - Universities