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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Ectopic expression of CXCR5/BLR1 accelerates retinoic acid- and vitamin D(3)-induced monocytic differentiation of U937 cells.

The product of the blr1 gene is a CXC chemokine receptor (CXCR5) that regulates B lymphocyte migration and has been implicated in myelomonocytic differentiation. The U937 human leukemia cell line was used to study the role of blr1 in retinoic acid-regulated monocytic leukemia cell growth and differentiation. blr1 mRNA expression was induced within 12 hr by retinoic acid in U937 cells. To determine whether the early induction of blr1 might regulate inducible monocytic cell differentiation, U937 cells were stably transfected with blr1 (U937/blr1 cells). Ectopic expression of blr1 caused no significant cell cycle or differentiation changes, but caused the U937/blr1 cells to differentiate faster when treated with either retinoic acid or 1alpha,25-dihydroxyvitamin D(3). Treated with retinoic acid, U937/blr1 cells showed a greater increase in the percentage of CD11b expressing cells than vector control cells. Retinoic acid also induced a higher percentage of functionally differentiated blr1 transfectants as assessed by nitroblue tetrazolium reduction. U937/blr1 cells underwent moderate growth inhibition on treatment with retinoic acid. Similar results occurred with 1alpha,25-dihydroxyvitamin D(3). Because blr1 was induced early during cell differentiation and because its overexpression accelerated monocytic differentiation, it may be important for signals controlling cell differentiation.[1]


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