The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Role of the sterol carrier protein-2 N-terminal membrane binding domain in sterol transfer.

Previous studies showed that the N-terminal 32 amino acids of sterol carrier protein-2 ((1-32)SCP(2)) comprise an amphipathic alpha-helix essential for SCP(2) binding to membranes [Huang et al. (1999) Biochemistry 38, 13231]. However, it is unclear whether membrane interaction of the (1-32)SCP(2) portion of SCP(2) is in itself sufficient to mediate intermembrane sterol transfer, possibly by altering membrane structure. In this study a fluorescent sterol exchange assay was used to resolve these issues and demonstrated that the SCP(2) N-terminal peptide (1-32)SCP(2) did not by itself enhance intermembrane sterol transfer but potentiated the ability of the SCP(2) protein to stimulate sterol transfer. Compared with SCP(2) acting alone, (1-32)SCP(2) potentiated the sterol transfer activity of SCP(2) by increasing the initial rate of sterol transfer by 2.9-fold and by decreasing the half-time of sterol transfer by 10-fold (from 11.6 to 1.2 min) without altering the size of the transferable fractions. The ability of a series of SCP(2) mutant N-terminal peptides to potentiate SCP(2)-mediated sterol transfer was directly correlated with membrane affinity of the respective peptide. N-Terminal peptide (1-32)SCP(2) did not potentiate intermembrane sterol transfer by binding sterol (dehydroergosterol), altering membrane fluidity (diphenylhexatriene) or membrane permeability (leakage assay). Instead, fluorescence lifetime measurements suggested that SCP(2) and (1-32)SCP(2) bound to membranes and thereby elicited a shift in membrane sterol microenvironment to become more polar. In summary, these data for the first time showed that while the N-terminal membrane binding domain of SCP(2) was itself inactive in mediating intermembrane sterol transfer, it nevertheless potentiated the ability of SCP(2) to enhance sterol transfer.[1]


  1. Role of the sterol carrier protein-2 N-terminal membrane binding domain in sterol transfer. Huang, H., Gallegos, A.M., Zhou, M., Ball, J.M., Schroeder, F. Biochemistry (2002) [Pubmed]
WikiGenes - Universities