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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

The alpha (1,3)-fucosyltransferase Fuc-TIV, but not Fuc-TVII, generates sialyl Lewis X-like epitopes preferentially on glycolipids.

Fuc-TIV and Fuc-TVII are the two alpha(1, 3)-fucosyltransferases in myeloid cells responsible for the biosynthesis of sialyl Lewis X (sLe(x)), the minimal ligand structure for the selectins. We have compared the ability of Fuc-TIV and Fuc-TVII to generate sLe(x)-like epitopes in transfected Chinese hamster ovary (CHO)-Pro(-)5 cells expressing the P-selectin glycoprotein ligand-1 and the core-2 branching enzyme C2GnT. We found that mouse Fuc-TIV and Fuc-TVII can generate similar levels of cell surface sLe(x). Surprisingly however, Fuc-TIV-generated sLe(x) was resistant to proteinase K and trypsin treatment and could be removed from cells by delipidation with chloroform/methanol, whereas 80-90% of Fuc-TVII-generated sLe(x) was protease-sensitive, and most of it resistant to delipidation. Despite similar levels of sLe(x) on the cell surface, Fuc-TVII transfectants adhered to immobilized E-selectin-IgG under static and flow conditions better than Fuc-TIV transfectants. Binding was mainly protease sensitive, indicating that glycoproteins were more efficient ligands than glycolipids. In summary, we conclude that the two fucosyltransferases differ in their in vivo specificity for acceptor substrates with Fuc-TVII generating sLe(x) preferentially on glycoproteins, whereas most of the Fuc-TIV-generated sLe(x) is found on glycolipids. Interestingly, the non-catalytic portion of Fuc-TIV in a Fuc-TIV/VII chimeric enzyme mediated the specificity for glycolipid substrates.[1]


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