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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Functional interaction of Sam68 and heterogeneous nuclear ribonucleoprotein K.

Sam68 is a target of the c-Src tyrosine kinase. We previously showed that overexpression of Sam68 functionally substitutes for, as well as synergies with, HIV-1 Rev in Rev-response element (RRE)-mediated gene expression and virus replication. Here we describe the identification of heterogeneous nuclear ribonucleoprotein K (hnRNP K) as a protein that specifically interacts with Sam68 in vitro and in vivo. HnRNP K did not bind to RRE-RNA directly, but formed a super complex with Sam68 and RRE in vitro. RNase treatment did not change the strength of binding of hnRNP K to Sam68. We demonstrated that hnRNP K significantly inhibited Sam68-mediated, but not Rev-mediated, RRE-dependent gene expression. We further showed that Sam68, but not a non-functional mutant Sam68p21, inhibited transcriptional activation of CT element by hnRNP K. Interestingly, the Sam68p21 with a single amino acid substitution in the nuclear localization domain exhibited less affinity for hnRNP K in vitro. We propose that the direct interaction of Sam68 and hnRNP K adversely affect the activities of both proteins in signal transduction pathways of both transcriptional and post-transcriptional events.[1]


  1. Functional interaction of Sam68 and heterogeneous nuclear ribonucleoprotein K. Yang, J.P., Reddy, T.R., Truong, K.T., Suhasini, M., Wong-Staal, F. Oncogene (2002) [Pubmed]
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