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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Ca2+ channel remodeling in perfused heart: Effects of mechanical work and interventions affecting Ca2+ cycling on sarcolemmal and sarcoplasmic reticulum Ca2+ channels.

We investigated whether changes in cardiac work or in Ca2+ fluxes may affect the expression of sarcolemmal or sarcoplasmic reticulum Ca2+ channels (DHPRs and RyRs, respectively). Isolated rat hearts were perfused at low Ca2+ concentration (0.8 mM instead of 1.5 mM), at low preload (5 cm instead of 20 cm), in the presence of 100 nM nifedipine or with a cardioplegic solution. After 60 min, hypocalcemic perfusion produced significant reduction in [3H]-PN 200-110 and [3H]-ryanodine binding, due to approximately 30% reduction in Bmax (P<0.01), with unchanged Kd. Such modifications were reversible. Similar results were obtained in the nifedipine and cardioplegia groups. Low preload perfusion produced similar contractile effects as hypocalcemic perfusion, but it had no effect on radioligand binding. After hypocalcemic perfusion, DHPR and RyR gene expression, evaluated by RT-PCR, were not modified. Chelerythrine (protein kinase C inhibitor) and lavendustin C (Ca2+/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase II inhibitor), but not H-89 (protein kinase A inhibitor), abolished the effects of hypocalcemic perfusion on [3H]-PN 200-110 and [3H]-ryanodine binding. We conclude that reduced Ca2+ entry and/or intracellular Ca2+ cycling determines DHPR and RyR remodeling through posttranslational protein modifications. Both protein kinase C and Ca2+/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase II appear to play a role in this phenomenon.[1]


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