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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Modulation of IL-1beta, IL-6, TNF-alpha and PGE(2) by pharmacological agents in explants of membranes from failed total hip replacement.

Introduction and goal Proinflammatory cytokines and prostaglandin E(2) (PGE(2)) play an important role in the pathophysiology of osteolysis and implant loosening. The aim of this study was to evaluate the role of pharmacological agents in the inhibition of Interleukin-1 ( IL-1), interleukin-6 (IL-6) and tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) and PGE(2) in explants of interface membranes from failed total hip replacements (fTHR).Material and methods Membranes from fTHR were retrieved (N=20) and explants were incubated for 72h in the absence or presence of tenidap at three different concentrations (5, 20 or 50 microg/ml) or diclofenac (125 microg/l). IL-1beta, IL-6, TNF-alpha, and PGE(2) levels were measured in the culture medium using ELISA Capture or EIA kits. Statistical analysis was done using the Mann-Whitney U-test.Results A statistically significant inhibition in IL-1beta synthesis was found at tenidap concentrations of 20 microg/ml (71.3%, P< 0.05) and 50 microg/ml (79.3%,P< 0.02). Tenidap reduced IL-6 levels by 90.4% at 20 microg/ml (P< 0.005) and 96.0% (P< 0.05) at 50 microg/ml. Tenidap also reduced the synthesis of TNF-alpha by 66.9% (P< 0.05) and 77.4% at concentrations of 20 microg/ml and 50 microg/ml. Tenidap had a marked suppressive effect of over 90% (P< 0.0001) on PGE(2) synthesis in all three concentrations. Diclofenac (125 microg/l) decreased PGE(2) production by 95% (P< 0.0001), but had no significant effect in IL-1beta, IL-6, and TNF-alpha levels in the culture medium.Conclusion The ability to simultaneously suppress the release of proinflammatory cytokines and PGE(2) may help control osteolysis and prevent aseptic loosening of THR. This effect could increase implant longevity and lead the way to the pharmacological treatment of this pathology.[1]


  1. Modulation of IL-1beta, IL-6, TNF-alpha and PGE(2) by pharmacological agents in explants of membranes from failed total hip replacement. Lavigne, P., Shi, Q., Jolicoeur, F.C., Pelletier, J.P., Martel-Pelletier, J., Fernandes, J.C. Osteoarthr. Cartil. (2002) [Pubmed]
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