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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

In situ modulation of the human cardiac ryanodine receptor (hRyR2) by FKBP12.6.

The ryanodine receptor complex (RyR), a large oligomeric assembly that functions as a Ca(2+)-release channel in the sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR)/endoplasmic reticulum (ER), comprises four RyR subunits and four FK506-binding proteins (FKBP). The precise mode of interaction and modulation of the cardiac RyR (RyR2) channel by FKBP12/FKBP12.6 remains to be fully defined. We have generated a series of Chinese-hamster ovary (CHO) cell lines stably expressing discrete levels of recombinant human RyR2 (hRyR2) (CHO(hRyR2)). Confocal microscopy of CHO(hRyR2) cells co-expressing either FKBP12 or FKBP12.6 demonstrated that FKBP12.6 was sequestered from the cytoplasm to ER membranes as the cellular levels of hRyR2 increased. There was negligible hRyR2- induced subcellular redistribution of FKBP12. The magnitude of Ca(2+) release in CHO(hRyR2) cells in response to stimulation by 4-chloro- m -cresol was in direct proportion to the expression levels of hRyR2. However, in CHO(hRyR2) cells co-expressing FKBP12.6, Ca(2+) release triggered by the addition of 4-chloro- m -cresol was markedly decreased. In contrast, co-expression of FKBP12 did not affect agonist-induced Ca(2+) release in CHO(hRyR2) cells. Resting cytoplasmic [Ca(2+)] in CHO(hRyR2) remained unaltered after co-expression of FKBP12 or FKBP12.6, but estimation of the ER Ca(2+) load status showed that co-expression of FKBP12.6, but not FKBP12, promoted superfilling of the ER Ca(2+) store which could not be released by RyR2 after agonist activation. The effects of FKBP12.6 on hRyR2-mediated intracellular Ca(2+) handling could be antagonized using rapamycin (5 microM). These results suggest that FKBP12.6 associates with hRyR2 in situ to modulate precisely the functionality of hRyR2 Ca(2+)-release channel.[1]


  1. In situ modulation of the human cardiac ryanodine receptor (hRyR2) by FKBP12.6. George, C.H., Sorathia, R., Bertrand, B.M., Lai, F.A. Biochem. J. (2003) [Pubmed]
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