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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Restraint of proinflammatory cytokine biosynthesis by mitogen-activated protein kinase phosphatase-1 in lipopolysaccharide-stimulated macrophages.

Exposure of macrophages to LPS elicits the production of proinflammatory cytokines, such as TNF-alpha, through complex signaling mechanisms. Mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinases play a critical role in this process. In the present study, we have addressed the role of MAP kinase phosphatase-1 (MKP-1) in regulating proinflammatory cytokine production using RAW264.7 macrophages. Analysis of MAP kinase activity revealed a transient activation of c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) and p38 after LPS stimulation. Interestingly, MKP-1 was induced concurrently with the inactivation of JNK and p38, whereas blocking MKP-1 induction by triptolide prevented this inactivation. Ectopic expression of MKP-1 accelerated JNK and p38 inactivation and substantially inhibited the production of TNF-alpha and IL-6. Induction of MKP-1 by LPS was found to be extracellular signal-regulated kinase dependent and involved enhanced gene expression and increased protein stability. Finally, MKP-1 expression was also induced by glucocorticoids as well as cholera toxin B subunit, an agent capable of preventing autoimmune diseases in animal models. These findings highlight MKP-1 as a critical negative regulator of the macrophage inflammatory response, underscoring its premise as a potential target for developing novel anti-inflammatory drugs.[1]


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