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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

The penta-EF-hand domain of ALG-2 interacts with amino-terminal domains of both annexin VII and annexin XI in a Ca2+-dependent manner.

The apoptosis-linked protein ALG-2 is a Ca(2+)-binding protein that belongs to the penta-EF-hand (PEF) protein family. ALG-2 forms a homodimer, a heterodimer with another PEF protein, peflin, and a complex with its interacting protein, named Alix or AIP1. We previously identified annexin XI as a novel ALG-2-binding partner. Both the N-terminal regulatory domain of annexin XI (Anx11N) and the ALG-2- binding domain of Alix/AIP1 are rich in Pro, Gly, Ala, Tyr and Gln. This PGAYQ-biased amino acid composition is also found in the N-terminal extension of annexin VII (Anx7N). Using recombinant ALG-2 proteins and the glutathione S-transferase (GST) fusion proteins of Anx7N and Anx11N, the direct Ca(2+)-dependent interaction was analyzed by a biotin-tagged ALG-2 overlay assay and by a real-time interaction analysis with a surface plasmon resonance (SPR) biosensor. Both GST-Anx7N and GST-Anx11N showed similar binding kinetics against ALG-2 as well as ALG-2-DeltaN23, which lacked the hydrophobic N-terminal region. Two binding sites were predicted in both Anx7N and Anx11N, and the dissociation constants (K(d)) were estimated to be approximately 40-60 nM for the high-affinity site and 500-700 nM for the low-affinity site.[1]


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