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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)
 
 
 

Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor activators inhibit oxidized low-density lipoprotein-induced endothelin-1 secretion in endothelial cells.

Endothelin is a potent vasoconstrictor peptide isolated from endothelial cells and it induces smooth muscle cell proliferation. Endothelin-1 secretion is increased in atheroma and induces deleterious effects such as vasospasm and atherosclerosis. Oxidized low-density lipoproteins (LDLs) induce atherosclerosis in the vascular wall, as well as endothelin-1 secretion in endothelial cells and are activators of both peroxisome proliferator- activated receptor-alpha (PPAR-alpha) and PPAR-gamma. PPAR-alpha (fibric acids) and PPAR-gamma (glitazones) activators are used to treat dyslipoproteinemias and type 2 diabetes, respectively. Furthermore, these drugs induce numerous pleiotropic effects, such as inhibiting thrombin-induced endothelin-1 secretion in endothelial cells. This study shows that both PPAR-alpha (Wy 14643) and PPAR-gamma activation (rosiglitazone) partially inhibit oxidized LDL- induced protein kinase C activity and endothelin-1 secretion in endothelial cells at the transcriptional levels and suggests that synthetic PPAR activators are stronger PPAR activators than oxidized LDL. This study also suggests that fibrate and glitazone treatments should have beneficial effects on the vascular wall by reducing endothelin-1 secretion and the resulting vasospasm and atherosclerosis.[1]

References

  1. Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor activators inhibit oxidized low-density lipoprotein-induced endothelin-1 secretion in endothelial cells. Martin-Nizard, F., Furman, C., Delerive, P., Kandoussi, A., Fruchart, J.C., Staels, B., Duriez, P. J. Cardiovasc. Pharmacol. (2002) [Pubmed]
 
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