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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

SCL/tal-1-dependent process determines a competence to select the definitive hematopoietic lineage prior to endothelial differentiation.

Hematopoiesis in most vertebrate species occurs in two distinct phases, primitive and definitive, which diverge from FLK1(+)VE-cadherin(-) mesoderm and FLK1(+)VE-cadherin(+) endothelial cells (EC), respectively. This study aimed at determining the stage at which hematopoietic lineage fate is determined by manipulating the SCL/tal-1 expression that is known to be essential for the early development of the primitive and definitive hematopoietic systems. We established SCL-null ES cell lines in which SCL expression is rescued by tamoxifen-inducible Cre recombinase-loxP site-mediated recombination. While no hematopoietic cells (HPC) were detected in SCL-null ES cell differentiation cultures, SCL gene reactivation from day 2 to day 4 after initiation of differentiation could rescue both primitive and definitive hematopoiesis. SCL reactivation at later phases was ineffective. Moreover, generation of VE-cadherin(+) EC that can give rise to definitive HPC required SCL reactivation prior to VE- cadherin expression. These results indicated that the competence to become HPC is acquired at the mesodermal stage by a SCL-dependent process that takes place independently of determination of endothelial fate.[1]


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