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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Lipoxin A4 stimulates a cytosolic Ca2+ increase in human bronchial epithelium.

Lipoxins are biologically active eicosanoids possessing anti-inflammatory properties. Using a calcium imaging system we investigated the effect of lipoxin A(4) (LXA(4)) on intracellular [Ca(2+)] ([Ca(2+)](i)) of human bronchial epithelial cell. Exposure of the cells to LXA(4) produced a dose-dependent increase in [Ca(2+)](i) followed by a recovery to basal values in primary culture and in 16HBE14o(-) cells. The LXA(4)-induced [Ca(2+)](i) increase was completely abolished after pre-treatment of the 16HBE14o(-) cells with pertussis toxin (G-protein inhibitor). The [Ca(2+)](i) response was not affected by the removal of external [Ca(2+)] but completely inhibited by thapsigargin (Ca(2+)-ATPase inhibitor) treatment. Pre-treatment of the bronchial epithelial cells with either MDL hydrochloride (adenylate cyclase inhibitor) or (R(p))-cAMP (cAMP-dependent protein kinase inhibitor) inhibited the Ca(2+) response to LXA(4). However, the response was not affected by chelerytrine chloride ( protein kinase C inhibitor) or montelukast (cysteinyl leukotriene receptor antagonist). The LXA(4) receptor mRNA was detected, by RT-PCR, in primary culture of human bronchial epithelium and in immortalized 16HBE14o(-) cells. The functional consequences of the effect of LXA(4) on intracellular [Ca(2+)](i) have been investigated on Cl(-) secretion, measured using the short-circuit techniques on 16HBE14o(-) monolayers grown on permeable filters. LXA(4) produced a sustained stimulation of the Cl(-) secretion by 16HBE14o(-) monolayers, which was inhibited by BAPTA-AM, a chelator of intracellular calcium. Taken together our results provided evidence for the stimulation of a [Ca(2+)](i) increase by LXA(4) through a mechanism involving its specific receptor and protein kinase A activation and resulting in a subsequent Ca(2+)-dependent Cl(-) secretion by human airway epithelial cells.[1]


  1. Lipoxin A4 stimulates a cytosolic Ca2+ increase in human bronchial epithelium. Bonnans, C., Mainprice, B., Chanez, P., Bousquet, J., Urbach, V. J. Biol. Chem. (2003) [Pubmed]
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