The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Mastoparan selectively activates phospholipase D2 in cell membranes.

Both known isoforms of phospholipase (PL) D, PLD1 and PLD2, require phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate for activity. However, PLD2 is fully active in the presence of this phospholipid, whereas PLD1 activation is dependent on additional factors such as ADP-ribosylation factor-1 (ARF-1) and protein kinase Calpha. We find that mastoparan, an activator of G(i) and mast cells, stimulates an intrinsic PLD activity, most likely PLD2, in fractions enriched in plasma membranes from rat basophilic leukemia 2H3 mast cells. Overexpression of PLD2, but not of PLD1, results in a large increase in the mastoparan-inducible PLD activity in membrane fractions, particularly those enriched in plasma membranes. As in previous studies, expressed PLD2 is localized primarily in the plasma membrane and PLD1 in granule membranes. Studies with pertussis toxin and other agents indicate that mastoparan stimulates PLD2 independently of G(i), ARF-1, protein kinase C, and calcium. Kinetic studies indicate that mastoparan interacts synergistically with phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate and that oleate, itself a weak stimulant of PLD2 at low concentrations, is a competitive inhibitor of mastoparan stimulation of PLD2. Therefore, mastoparan may be useful for investigating the regulation of PLD2, particularly in view of the well studied molecular interactions of mastoparan with certain other strategic signaling proteins.[1]


  1. Mastoparan selectively activates phospholipase D2 in cell membranes. Chahdi, A., Choi, W.S., Kim, Y.M., Beaven, M.A. J. Biol. Chem. (2003) [Pubmed]
WikiGenes - Universities