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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

15d-PGJ2 and rosiglitazone suppress Janus kinase-STAT inflammatory signaling through induction of suppressor of cytokine signaling 1 (SOCS1) and SOCS3 in glia.

Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR)-gamma agonists are now emerging as therapeutic drugs for various inflammatory diseases. However, their molecular mechanism of action remains to be elucidated. Here we report a novel mechanism that underlies the PPAR-gamma agonist-mediated suppression of brain inflammation. We show that 15-deoxy-Delta12,14-prostaglandin J(2) (15d-PGJ(2)) and rosiglitazone reduce the phosphorylation of STAT1 and STAT3 as well as Janus kinase 1 (JAK1) and JAK2 in activated astrocytes and microglia. The PPAR-gamma agonist-mediated reduction in phosphorylation leads to the suppression of JAK-STAT-dependent inflammatory responses. The effects of 15d-PGJ(2) and rosiglitazone are not mediated by activation of PPAR-gamma. 15d-PGJ(2) and rosiglitazone rapidly induce the transcription of suppressor of cytokine signaling ( SOCS) 1 and 3, which in turn inhibit JAK activity in activated glial cells. In addition, Src homology 2 domain-containing protein phosphatase 2 (SHP2), another negative regulator of JAK activity, is also involved in their anti-inflammatory action. Our data suggest that 15d-PGJ(2) and rosiglitazone suppress the initiation of JAK-STAT inflammatory signaling independently of PPAR-gamma, thus attenuating brain inflammation.[1]


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