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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Transcription factor YY1 binds to the murine beta interferon promoter and regulates its transcriptional capacity with a dual activator/repressor role.

The induction of the beta interferon (IFN-beta) gene constitutes one of the first responses of the cell to virus infection. Its regulation is achieved through an intricate combination of virus-induced binding of transcription factors and local chromatin remodeling. In this work, we demonstrate that transcription factor YY1, known to interact with histone deacetylases (HDAC) and histone acetyltransferases, has a dual activator/repressor role during the regulation of the IFN-beta promoter activity. We show that YY1 specifically binds in vitro and in vivo to the murine IFN-beta promoter at positions -90 and -122. Overexpression of YY1 strongly repressed the transcriptional capacity of a stably integrated IFN-beta promoter fused to a chloramphenicol acetyltransferase reporter gene as well as the endogenous IFN activity of murine L929 cells via an HDAC activity. Stably integrated IFN-beta promoters mutated at the -90 site were no longer repressed by YY1, could no longer be activated by trichostatin A, displayed a retarded postinduction turn off, and a reduced virus-induced activity. Introduction of a mutation at the -122 site did not affect YY1-induced repression, but promoters with this mutation displayed a reduced virus-induced activity. Stably integrated full-length promoters (from position -330 to +20) mutated at both YY1-binding sites displayed extremely reduced promoter activities. We conclude that YY1 has a dual activator/repressor role on IFN-beta promoter activity depending on its binding site and time after infection.[1]


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