The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)
 
 
 

Nitric oxide production modulates cyclosporin A-induced distal renal tubular acidosis in the rat.

Cyclosporine A (CsA) causes distal renal tubular acidosis (dRTA) in humans and rodents. Because mice deficient in nitric-oxide (NO) synthase develop acidosis, we examined how NO production modulated H+ excretion during acid loading and CsA treatment in a rat model. Rats received CsA, L-arginine (L-Arg), or N omega-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester (L-NAME), or combinations of CsA and L-NAME or L-Arg, followed by NH4Cl (acute acid load). In vehicle-treated rats, NH4Cl loading reduced serum and urine (HCO3-) and urine pH, which was associated with increases in serum [K+] and [Cl-] and urine NH3 excretion. Similar to CsA (7.5 mg/kg), L-NAME impaired H+ excretion of NH4Cl-loaded animals. The combination CsA and L-NAME reduced H+ excretion to a larger extent than either drug alone. In contrast, administration of L-Arg ameliorated the effect of CsA on H+ excretion. Urine pH after NH4Cl was 5.80 +/- 0.09, 6.11 +/- 0.13*, 6.37 +/- 0.16*, and 5.77 +/- 0.09 in the vehicle, CsA, CsA + L-NAME and CsA + L-Arg groups, respectively (*P < 0.05). The effect of CsA and alteration of NO synthesis were mediated at least in part by changes in bicarbonate absorption in perfused cortical collecting ducts. CsA or L-NAME reduced net HCO3- absorption, and, when combined, completely inhibited it. CsA + L-Arg restored HCO3- absorption to near control levels. Administration of CsA along with L-NAME reduced NO production to below levels observed with either drug alone. These results suggest that CsA causes dRTA by inhibiting H+ pumps in the distal nephron. Inhibition of NO synthesis may be one of the mechanisms underlying the CsA effect.[1]

References

  1. Nitric oxide production modulates cyclosporin A-induced distal renal tubular acidosis in the rat. Tsuruoka, S., Schwartz, G.J., Wakaumi, M., Nishiki, K., Yamamoto, H., Purkerson, J.M., Fujimura, A. J. Pharmacol. Exp. Ther. (2003) [Pubmed]
 
WikiGenes - Universities