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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Disposition of digitoxin in renal failure.

The disposition of digitoxin was studied for a period of 8 days in 6 uremic patients given a single oral dose of 1 mg 3H-digitoxin. In plasma, the time-course of radioactivity indicated a diminished absorption velocity of tritium compared to that of control subjects already reported and, after reaching of a pseudostate-equilibrium at 24 hr, an exponential decline with a mean half-life of 8.0 days. In urine, smaller amounts of tritiated compounds were eliminated in uremic patients (8.7% of the dose) than in controls (22.5%). The average fecal excretion of digitoxin and its metabolites was not significantly increased. Chloroform extraction and thin-layer chromatography in plasma, urine and feces suggested no qualitative alteration in the metabolism of digitoxin. Calculations of the total body tritium content (body stores) after each 24-hr interval and its pharmacokinetic behavior showed that the elimination of digitoxin is determined by the transfer constant from tissue to plasma. The differences in elimination kinetics of digitoxin and its metabolites of uremic patients and healthy subjects were not significant.[1]


  1. Disposition of digitoxin in renal failure. Vöhringer, H.F., Rietbrock, N., Spurny, P., Kuhlmann, J., Hampl, H., Baethke, R. Clin. Pharmacol. Ther. (1976) [Pubmed]
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