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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Heat shock protein 70 binds caspase-activated DNase and enhances its activity in TCR-stimulated T cells.

DNA fragmentation is a hallmark of cells undergoing apoptosis and is mediated mainly by the caspase-activated DNase (CAD or DNA-fragmentation factor 40 [DFF40]), which is activated when released from its inhibitor protein (ICAD or DFF45) upon apoptosis signals. Here we analyzed the effect of heat shock protein 70 (Hsp70) on CAD activity in T-cell receptor (TCR)-induced apoptosis using a T-cell line (TAg-Jurkat). Overexpression of Hsp70 significantly augmented the apoptotic cell death as well as DNA fragmentation in CD3/CD28- or staurosporine-stimulated cells. Following stimulation of cells with CD3/CD28 or staurosporine, Hsp70 was coprecipitated with free CAD, but not with CAD associated with ICAD. Furthermore, the purified Hsp70 dose-dependently augmented DNA-fragmentation activity of caspase-3- activated CAD in a cell-free system. Peptide-binding domain-deleted Hsp70 could neither bind nor augment its activity, while adenosine triphosphate (ATP)-binding domain-deleted Hsp70 or the peptide- binding domain itself bound CAD and augmented its activity. These results indicate that the the binding of Hsp70 to the activated CAD via the peptide-binding domain augments its activity. Although CAD lost its activity in an hour after being released from ICAD in vitro, its activity was retained after an hour of incubation in the presence of Hsp70, suggesting that Hsp70 may be involved in stabilization of CAD activity. Finally, CAD that had been coprecipitated with Hsp70 from the cell lysate of staurosporine- activated 293T cells induced chromatin DNA fragmentation and its activity was not inhibited by ICAD. These results suggest that Hsp70 binds free CAD in TCR-stimulated T cells to stabilize and augment its activity.[1]


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