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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Novel mutation in the paired box sequence of PAX9 gene in a sporadic form of oligodontia.

Tooth development is regulated through a series of reciprocal interactions between the dental epithelium and mesenchyme and requires protein products of a number of genes. It has been reported that selective tooth agenesis is associated with mutations in human MSX and PAX9 genes. Mutational analysis of the two genes was performed in 25 individuals with familial or sporadic form of permanent tooth agenesis. Single-stranded conformational polymorphism analysis revealed no mutations in the entire coding sequence of the MSX1 gene. In PAX9, a novel, heterozygous G151A transition in the sequence encoding the paired domain of the PAX9 protein was detected in a patient with agenesis of third molars, second premolars and incisors, but not in her parents, the remaining patients or 162 individuals with normal dentition. This is the first de novo mutation described in PAX9. Our results support the view that mutations in PAX9 could constitute a causative factor of oligodontia. We hypothesize that the G151A transition in PAX9 might be responsible for the sporadic form of tooth agenesis in this patient.[1]


  1. Novel mutation in the paired box sequence of PAX9 gene in a sporadic form of oligodontia. Mostowska, A., Kobielak, A., Biedziak, B., Trzeciak, W.H. Eur. J. Oral Sci. (2003) [Pubmed]
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