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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

NAD(P)H oxidase mediates the endothelial barrier dysfunction induced by TNF-alpha.

We tested the hypothesis that the NAD(P)H oxidase-dependent generation of superoxide anion (O2-*) mediates tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF)-induced alterations in the permeability of pulmonary microvessel endothelial monolayers (PMEM). The permeability of PMEM was assessed by the clearance rate of Evans blue-labeled albumin. The NAD(P)H oxidase subcomponents p47phox and p22phox were assessed by immunofluorescent microscopy and Western blot. The reactive oxygen species O2-* was measured by the fluorescence of 6-carboxy-2',7'-dichlorodihydrofluorescein diacetatedi(acetoxymethyl ester), 5 (and 6)-chloromethyl-2',7'-dichlorodihydrofluorescein diacetate-acetyl ester, and dihydroethidium. TNF treatment (50 ng/ml for 4.0 h) induced 1) p47phox translocation, 2) an increase in p22phox protein, 3) increased localization of p47phox with p22phox, 4) O2-* generation, and 5) increased permeability to albumin. p22phox antisense oligonucleotide prevented the TNF- induced effect on p22phox, p47phox, O2-*, and permeability. The scrambled nonsense oligonucleotide had no effect. The TNF-induced increase in O2-* and permeability to albumin was also prevented by the O2-* scavenger Cu-Zn superoxide dismutase (100 U/ml). The results indicate that the activation of NAD(P)H oxidase, via the generation of O2-*, mediates TNF-induced barrier dysfunction in PMEM.[1]


  1. NAD(P)H oxidase mediates the endothelial barrier dysfunction induced by TNF-alpha. Gertzberg, N., Neumann, P., Rizzo, V., Johnson, A. Am. J. Physiol. Lung Cell Mol. Physiol. (2004) [Pubmed]
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