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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Candida albicans phospholipomannan is sensed through toll-like receptors.

Candida albicans is a common, harmless yeast in the human digestive tract that also causes severe systemic fungal infection in hospitalized patients. Its cell-wall surface displays a unique glycolipid called phospholipomannan (PLM). The ability of PLM to stimulate tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha production by J774 mouse cells correlates with the activation of nuclear factor (NF)-kappaB. We examined the involvement of Toll-like receptors (TLRs) in PLM-dependent stimulation. Compared with wild-type cells, which produced large amounts of TNF-alpha after incubation with PLM, the deletion of the TLR4 and TLR6 genes led to a limited alteration of the PLM-induced response. Deletion of the TLR2 gene completely abolished the cell response. Surface expression of PLM is a phylogenic trait of C. albicans, and the recognition of PLM by TLRs, together with the unique pathogenic potential of C. albicans, suggests that this molecule may be a member of the pathogen-associated molecular pattern family.[1]


  1. Candida albicans phospholipomannan is sensed through toll-like receptors. Jouault, T., Ibata-Ombetta, S., Takeuchi, O., Trinel, P.A., Sacchetti, P., Lefebvre, P., Akira, S., Poulain, D. J. Infect. Dis. (2003) [Pubmed]
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