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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Insertional mutagenesis in a homologue of a Pi transporter gene confers arsenate resistance on chlamydomonas.

An arsenate-resistant mutant AR3 of Chlamydomonas reinhardtii is a recessive mutant generated by random insertional mutagenesis using the ARG7 gene. AR3 shows about 10-fold resistance against arsenate toxicity compared with the wild type. By using a flanking region of an inserted tag as a probe, we cloned the corresponding wild-type allele (PTB1) of a mutated gene, which could completely complement the arsenate-resistance phenotype of AR3. The size of PTB1 cDNA is about 6.0 kb and it encodes a putative protein comprising 1666 amino acid residues. This protein exhibits significant sequence similarity with the yeast Pho89 protein, which is known to be a Na(+)/Pi co-transporter, although the PTB1 protein carries an additional Gln- and Gly-rich large hydrophilic region in the middle of its primary structure. Analyses of arsenic accumulation and release revealed that PTB1-disrupted cells show arsenate resistance due to low arsenate uptake. These results suggest that the PTB1 protein is a factor involved in arsenate (or Pi) uptake. Kinetics of Pi uptake revealed that the activity of high-affinity Pi transport component in AR3 is more activated than that in the wild type.[1]


  1. Insertional mutagenesis in a homologue of a Pi transporter gene confers arsenate resistance on chlamydomonas. Kobayashi, I., Fujiwara, S., Shimogawara, K., Kaise, T., Usuda, H., Tsuzuki, M. Plant Cell Physiol. (2003) [Pubmed]
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