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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

GnT-V, macrophage and cancer metastasis: a common link.

GnT-V generated, beta1,6-branched polylactosamines are a common feature shared by normal granulocytes, monocytes, and a variety of malignant cells. Furthermore, activation of GnT-V in oncogenic transformation induces invasiveness and metastatic potential in mice as well as in humans. In view of the common expression of lymphocytic/monocytic trait, motility, and GnT-V by metastatic cancer cells, macrophage fusion hybrids were generated in vitro with Cloudman S91 mouse melanoma cells to test whether the parental traits are co-expressed in hybrids and how those are related to altered phenotypes in relation to metastasis. In fact, the fusion hybrids are highly metastatic in vivo, motile in vitro, and express macrophage-associated traits of increased GnT-V activity, beta1,6 branching, and polylactosamine content. A Spontaneously formed lung melanoma metastases have been identified and characterized as host x tumor hybrid containing higher DNA content than parental cells and increased GnT-V activity. The results, taken together, could reflect prior fusion of tumor-associated macrophages with cells of the primary tumor, and therefore establish a possible common link between elevated expression of GnT-V and malignant transformation, a well-known report. Moreover, the fusion hybrids with metastatic potential ranging from high to low offer a genetically matched model system, for identification and characterization of differentially expressed genes in association with metastasis, since the fusion partners are derived from the same species of mouse (DBA/2J).[1]


  1. GnT-V, macrophage and cancer metastasis: a common link. Chakraborty, A.K., Pawelek, J.M. Clin. Exp. Metastasis (2003) [Pubmed]
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