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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Evaluation of DLC1 as a prostate cancer susceptibility gene: mutation screen and association study.

A gene or genes on chromosome 8p22-23 have been implicated in prostate carcinogenesis by the observation of frequent deletions of this region in prostate cancer cells. More recently, two genetic linkage studies in hereditary prostate cancer (HPC) families suggest that germline variation in a gene in this region may influence prostate cancer susceptibility as well. DLC1 (deleted in liver cancer), a gene in this interval, has been proposed as a candidate tumor suppressor gene because of its homology (86% similarity) with rat p122 RhoGAP, which catalyzes the conversion of active GTP-bound rho complex to the inactive GDP-bound form, and thus suppresses Ras-mediated oncogenic transformation. A missense mutation and three intronic insertions/deletions in 126 primary colorectal tumors have been previously identified. However, there are no reports of DLC1 mutation screening in prostate tumors or in germ line DNA of prostate cancer patients. In this study, we report the results of the first mutation screen and association study of DLC1 in genomic DNA samples from hereditary and sporadic prostate cancer patients. The PCR products in the 5' UTR, all 14 exons, exon-intron junctions, and 3' UTR were directly sequenced in 159 HPC probands. Eight exonic nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) were identified, only one of which resulted in an amino acid change. Twenty-three other SNPs were identified in intronic regions. Seven informative SNPs that spanned the complete DLC1 gene were genotyped in an additional 249 sporadic cases and 222 unaffected controls. No significant difference in the allele and genotype frequencies were observed among HPC probands, sporadic cases, and unaffected controls. These results suggest that DLC1 is unlikely to play an important role in prostate cancer susceptibility.[1]


  1. Evaluation of DLC1 as a prostate cancer susceptibility gene: mutation screen and association study. Zheng, S.L., Mychaleckyj, J.C., Hawkins, G.A., Isaacs, S.D., Wiley, K.E., Turner, A., Chang, B.L., von Kap-Herr, C., Carpten, J.D., Pettenati, M., Bleecker, E.R., Walsh, P.C., Trent, J.M., Meyers, D.A., Isaacs, W.B., Xu, J. Mutat. Res. (2003) [Pubmed]
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