The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Identification and cloning of the Na/HCO(3-) cotransporter (NBC) in human corneal endothelium.

Fluid secretion by the corneal endothelium is associated with the net flux of HCO(3)(-) from basolateral (stromal) to apical (anterior chamber) sides of the tissue. In this study we asked if Na(+)/HCO(3)(-) cotransporter (NBC-1) protein expression and functional activity are present in freshly isolated human corneal endothelium. Immunoblot analysis using a polyclonal antibody to NBC-1 showed a single band at approximately 130 kDa. Indirect immunofluorescence indicated that NBC-1 is expressed on the basolateral, but not apical side of human corneal endothelium. RT-PCR was used to determine whether the kidney or pancreatic isoform of NBC-1 is expressed. Using the specific primers for pNBC and kNBC isoforms, RT-PCR showed that only pNBC could be detected in human corneal endothelium. The product was cloned and confirmed by sequencing. Full-length NBC-1 was also cloned from human corneal endothelium. This clone (hcNBC) is 100% identical to the longer, more common form of NBC [pNBC; 1079 amino acids (aa); 122 kDa in human heart, pancreas and prostate]. To test for functional activity of NBC-1, freshly isolated endothelium was loaded with the pH sensitive fluorescent dye BCECF and HCO(3)(-) fluxes were measured. HCO(3)(-) fluxes were Na(+)-dependent, electrogenic and H(2)-DIDS sensitive. We conclude that the long isoform of the sodium bicarbonate cotransporter (pNBC-1) is expressed on the basolateral side of fresh human corneal endothelium (hcNBC). The shorter form, kNBC, could not be detected. As in bovine corneal endothelium, hcNBC is instrumental in loading HCO(3)(-) into endothelial cells from the basolateral membrane.[1]


WikiGenes - Universities