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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Sulfonation of environmental estrogens by zebrafish cytosolic sulfotransferases.

Environmental estrogen-like chemicals are increasingly recognized as a potential hazardous factor for wildlife as well as humans. We have recently embarked on developing a zebrafish model for investigating the role of sulfonation in the metabolism and adverse functioning of environmental estrogens. Here, we report on a systematic investigation of the sulfonation of representative environmental estrogens (bisphenol A, 4-n-octylphenol, 4-n-nolylphenol, diethylstilbestrol, and 17 alpha-ethynylestradiol) by zebrafish cytosolic sulfotransferases (STs). Of the seven enzymes tested, four zebrafish STs (designated ZF ST #2, ZF ST #3, ZF ST #4, and ZF DHEA ST) exhibited differential sulfonating activities toward the five environmental estrogens tested, with ZF ST #3 being more highly active than the other three. It was further demonstrated that bisphenol A, 4-n-octylphenol, and 4-n-nonylphenol exerted concentration-dependent inhibition of the sulfonation of 17 beta-estradiol, implying a potential role of these environmental estrogens in interfering with the sulfonation, and possibly homeostasis, of endogenous estrogens. Kinetic studies revealed that the mechanism underlying the inhibition by bisphenol A or 4-n-nonylphenol to be of the competitive type.[1]


  1. Sulfonation of environmental estrogens by zebrafish cytosolic sulfotransferases. Ohkimoto, K., Sugahara, T., Sakakibara, Y., Suiko, M., Liu, M.Y., Carter, G., Liu, M.C. Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. (2003) [Pubmed]
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