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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

GPI-anchored uPAR requires Endo180 for rapid directional sensing during chemotaxis.

Urokinase-type plasminogen activator (uPA) and its receptor (uPAR) play an important role in cell guidance and chemotaxis during normal and pathological events. uPAR is GPI-anchored and the mechanism by which it transmits intracellular polarity cues across the plasma membrane during directional sensing has not been elucidated. The constitutively recycling endocytic receptor Endo180 forms a trimolecular complex with uPAR in the presence of uPA, hence its alternate name uPAR-associated protein. Here, we demonstrate that Endo180 is a general promoter of random cell migration and has a more specific function in cell chemotaxis up a uPA gradient. Endo180 expression was demonstrated to enhance uPA- mediated filopodia production and promote rapid activation of Cdc42 and Rac. Expression of a noninternalizing Endo180 mutant revealed that promotion of random cell migration requires receptor endocytosis, whereas the chemotactic response to uPA does not. From these studies, we conclude that Endo180 is a crucial link between uPA-uPAR and setting of the internal cellular compass.[1]


  1. GPI-anchored uPAR requires Endo180 for rapid directional sensing during chemotaxis. Sturge, J., Wienke, D., East, L., Jones, G.E., Isacke, C.M. J. Cell Biol. (2003) [Pubmed]
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