The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Recycling of Raft- associated prohormone sorting receptor carboxypeptidase E requires interaction with ARF6.

Little is known about the molecular mechanism of recycling of intracellular receptors and lipid raft-associated proteins. Here, we have investigated the recycling pathway and internalization mechanism of a transmembrane, lipid raft-associated intracellular prohormone sorting receptor, carboxypeptidase E (CPE). CPE is found in the trans-Golgi network (TGN) and secretory granules of (neuro)endocrine cells. An extracellular domain of the IL2 receptor alpha-subunit (Tac) fused to the transmembrane domain and cytoplasmic tail of CPE (Tac-CPE25) was used as a marker to track recycling of CPE. We show in (neuro)endocrine cells, that upon stimulated secretory granule exocytosis, raft-associated Tac-CPE25 was rapidly internalized from the plasma membrane in a clathrin-independent manner into early endosomes and then transported through the endocytic recycling compartment to the TGN. A yeast two-hybrid screen and in vitro binding assay identified the CPE cytoplasmic tail sequence S472ETLNF477 as an interactor with active small GTPase ADP-ribosylation factor (ARF) 6, but not ARF1. Expression of a dominant negative, inactive ARF6 mutant blocked this recycling. Mutation of residues S472 or E473 to A in the cytoplasmic tail of CPE obliterated its binding to ARF6, and internalization from the plasma membrane of Tac-CPE25 mutated at S472 or E473 was significantly reduced. Thus, CPE recycles back to the TGN by a novel mechanism requiring ARF6 interaction and activity.[1]


  1. Recycling of Raft-associated prohormone sorting receptor carboxypeptidase E requires interaction with ARF6. Arnaoutova, I., Jackson, C.L., Al-Awar, O.S., Donaldson, J.G., Loh, Y.P. Mol. Biol. Cell (2003) [Pubmed]
WikiGenes - Universities