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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Effect of carvone on the permeation of nimodipine from a membrane-moderated transdermal therapeutic system.

The purpose of this investigation was to develop a membrane-moderated transdermal therapeutic system (TTS) of nimodipine using 2% w/w hydroxypropylmethylcellulose (HPMC) gel as a reservoir system containing 10% w/w of carvone (penetration enhancer) in 60% v/v ethanol. The flux of nimodipine through an ethylene vinyl acetate (EVA) copolymer membrane was found to increase with an increase in vinyl acetate content in the copolymer. The effect of a pressure-sensitive adhesive (TACKWHITE A 4MED) on the permeability of nimodipine through an EVA 2825 membrane (28% w/w vinyl acetate) or an EVA 2825 membrane/skin composite was also studied. An EVA 2825 membrane coated with TACKWHITE 4A MED was found to provide the required flux of nimodipine (117 +/- 5 microg/cm2/h) across rat abdominal skin. Thus a new transdermal therapeutic system for nimodipine was formulated using EVA 2825 membrane, coated with a pressure-sensitive adhesive TACKWHITE 4A MED, and 2% w/w HPMC gel as reservoir containing 10% w/w of carvone as a penetration enhancer. Studies in healthy human volunteers indicated that the TTS of nimodipine, designed in the present study, provided steady-state plasma concentration of the drug with minimal fluctuations.[1]


  1. Effect of carvone on the permeation of nimodipine from a membrane-moderated transdermal therapeutic system. Krishnaiah, Y.S., Bhaskar, P., Satyanarayana, V. Die Pharmazie. (2003) [Pubmed]
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