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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Type I collagen-induced MMP-2 activation coincides with up-regulation of membrane type 1-matrix metalloproteinase and TIMP-2 in cardiac fibroblasts.

Migration of cardiac fibroblasts is implicated in infarct healing and ventricular remodeling. Activation of matrix metalloproteinases induced by three-dimensional type I collagen, the principal component of the myocardial interstitium, is hypothesized to be essential for this migration. By utilizing primary cultures of cardiac fibroblasts and collagen lattice models, we demonstrated that type I collagen induced MMP-2 activation, and cells undergoing a change from isometric tension to mechanical unloading were associated with increased levels of total and active MMP-2 species. The collagen-induced MMP-2 activation coincided with up-regulated cellular levels of both membrane type 1-matrix metalloproteinase (MT1-MMP) and TIMP-2. A fraction of cellular membrane prepared from cells embedded in the collagen lattice containing active MT1-MMP and TIMP-2 was capable of activating pro-MMP-2, and exogenous TIMP-2 had a biphasic effect on this membrane- mediated MMP-2 activation. Interestingly, the presence of 43-kDa MT1-MMP species in a fraction of intracellular soluble proteins prepared from monolayer cells but not cells embedded in the lattices indicates that MT1-MMP metabolizes differently under the two different culture conditions. Treatment of cells embedded in the lattice with furin inhibitor attenuated pro-MT1-MMP processing and MMP-2 activation and impeded cell migration and invasion. These results suggest that the migration and invasion of cardiac fibroblasts is furin-dependent and that the active species of MT1-MMP and MMP-2 may be involved in both events.[1]


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