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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Novel SLA class I alleles of Chinese pig strains and their significance in xenotransplantation.

To lay background for studying rejection mechanisms in xenotransplantation and developing the strategies for intervention, class I genes of swine leukocyte antigens ( SLA) of three Chinese pig strains Bm, Gz and Yn were cloned and sequenced. The cDNA of the class I loci P1 and P14 were amplified by RT-PCR and subjected to insert into sequencing vectors. All six allelic sequences we examined, each two for one Chinese strain, are not identical to those reported, which allows these novel sequences receiving their accession numbers AY102467-AY102472 from GenBank. This study further reveals that the homologies of MHC class I genes in their primary structures and the deduced amino acids between Chinese pigs ( SLA) and human (HLA-A*0201) are better than those between pigs and mice (H-2Db/H-2Kb). The comparison also indicates that the amino acid residues critical for recognition by human KIRs are altered in the swine class I molecules. The amino acids responsible for binding human CD8 coreceptor are largely conserved although there are two critical residues substituted. A functional test indicated that the human T cells specific for the prokaryotically expressed SLA P1 protein could respond quite well in vitro to the class I-positive swine chondrocytes and PBMCs in presence of human APCs. This implies that, due to the substitution of two critical residues, the inaccessibility of human CD8 coreceptor to swine class I molecule might be contributable to the indirect pathway that the human T cells have to use for recognizing the SLA class I xenogeneic antigens.[1]


  1. Novel SLA class I alleles of Chinese pig strains and their significance in xenotransplantation. Chen, F.X., Tang, J., Li, N.L., Shen, B.H., Zhou, Y., Xie, J., Chou, K.Y. Cell Res. (2003) [Pubmed]
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