The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Involvement of the Y-1 receptor subtype in the regulation of luteinizing hormone secretion by neuropeptide Y in rats.

The present experiments were designed to investigate structure-function relationships, and identify the receptor subtype and postreceptor cellular mechanisms that mediate the ovarian hormone-dependent, excitatory, and inhibitory effects of neuropeptide Y ( NPY) on LH release in female rats. Intracerebroventricular administration of NPY decreased plasma concentrations of LH in ovariectomized, hormonally untreated rats but stimulated LH release in ovariectomized rats pretreated with estradiol benzoate and progesterone. A similar dual response was also obtained after administration of NPY2-36. However, deletion of additional amino acids at the N terminus, as in NPY5-36, NPY11-36, NPY16-36, and NPY25-36, rendered the peptides inactive. An N-terminal fragment, NPY1-24-amide, and a discontinuous NPY analog, NPY1-4-epsilon-amino-caproic acid-25-36, similarly failed to influence LH release. The analog [Leu31,Pro34]NPY, a preferential agonist at the Y-1 NPY receptor subtype, also elicited the dual LH responses, but the preferential Y-2 receptor agonist, NPY13-36, was completely inactive. Further, only the peptides that stimulated LH release in vivo, i.e. NPY, NPY2-36, and [Leu31,Pro34]NPY, also stimulated the release of LHRH from median eminence fragments of steroid-primed rats in vitro, and the excitatory effect of [Leu31,Pro34] NPY was blocked by a noncompetitive NPY receptor antagonist, D-myo-inositol-1,2,6-trisphosphate. With the exception of NPY1-24-amide, all of the NPY fragments tested bound specifically to NPY binding sites in hypothalamic membrane preparations, but the highest binding affinities were found for the peptides that evoked biological responses in the in vivo and in vitro tests. Further analysis of the mode of action of NPY showed that the stimulation of LHRH release in vitro was unaffected by omission of Ca2+ from the incubation medium, but was prevented by two antagonists of intracellular Ca2+ mobilization, 3,4,5-trimethoxybenzoic acid 8-(diethylamino)octyl ester and ryanodine. Inhibition of prostaglandin synthesis with indomethacin blocked the stimulatory effect of the alpha 1-adrenergic agonist methoxamine on LHRH release, but not the increase produced by NPY.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 400 WORDS)[1]


  1. Involvement of the Y-1 receptor subtype in the regulation of luteinizing hormone secretion by neuropeptide Y in rats. Kalra, S.P., Fuentes, M., Fournier, A., Parker, S.L., Crowley, W.R. Endocrinology (1992) [Pubmed]
WikiGenes - Universities