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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Potentiation of DNA damage by inhibition of poly(ADP-ribosyl)ation: a test of the hypothesis for random nuclease action.

Poly(ADP-ribosyl)ation is a cellular response to DNA strand breaks by which a large array of proteins becomes covalently modified for a brief period during the lifetime of the DNA breaks. Inhibition of poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase by 3-aminobenzamide after many types of DNA damage leads to a marked increase in DNA strand breakage, repair replication, cytogenetic damage, mutagenesis, and cell killing. It has been hypothesized that poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase may modify potentially degradative endogenous nucleases that can reduce cellular viability. Thus, in the presence of DNA strand breakage, the polymer would bind these enzymes to inhibit their activity. When synthesis of the polymerase is inhibited, the enzymes would act randomly to produce nonspecific damage in the DNA. We tested this hypothesis by electroporating restriction enzymes into human cells containing the shuttle vector pHAZE. Restriction enzymes cleave at specific recognition sequences in the lacZ target gene of pHAZE, and mutations result from rejoining errors at the cleavage sites. If the hypothesis were correct, enzyme-treated cells cultured with 3-aminobenzamide to inhibit synthesis of poly(ADP-ribose) polymers would result in a significant increase in mutations outside the restriction enzyme sites. The spectrum of mutations observed after electroporation of PvuII (which produces blunt-end double-strand breaks) or PvuI (which produces cohesive-end double-strand breaks) was similar in untreated and 3-aminobenzamide-treated cells. Thus, our results do not support the hypothesis that the increase in damage observed when poly(ADP-ribosyl)ation is inhibited is due to a chaotic, nonspecific attack on DNA by endogenous cellular nucleases.[1]


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