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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Somatostatin binding in normal and malignant human gastrointestinal mucosa.

Somatostatin is a regulatory peptide implicated in the control of cellular proliferation in epithelial tissues and this regulation may occur directly via membrane bound receptor activation. The aim of this study was to investigate somatostatin binding in human gastrointestinal cancer and normal mucosa. Plasma membranes were prepared from specimens of tumour and normal mucosa from 51 patients undergoing surgical resection for malignancy (28 gastric, 23 colorectal). Using a competitive displacement assay, specific 125I-tyrosine-11-somatostatin-14 binding to plasma membranes was assessed and and characterised in terms of receptor affinity (Kd) and maximum binding capacity (Bmax) as determined by Scatchard analysis. Specific low affinity (Kd = 166 nM), high capacity (Bmax = 1.2 pmol mg-1 protein) somatostatin binding was demonstrated in 22 of the gastric cancers and 17 of the colorectal cancers (Kd = 140 nM, Bmax = 1.8 pmol mg-1 protein). Similar affinity and binding capacity was demonstrable in normal mucosal samples. High affinity receptors for somatostatin were expressed by one gastric carcinoma (Kd = 0.9 nM; Bmax = 0.23 pmol mg-1 protein). Thus, low affinity, high capacity binding is a common feature of gastrointestinal tumours and normal mucosa, and high affinity receptors may occasionally be demonstrated. The functional significance of these low affinity binding sites requires elucidation to determine whether long-acting somatostatin analogues may have therapeutic benefit in gastrointestinal malignancy.[1]


  1. Somatostatin binding in normal and malignant human gastrointestinal mucosa. Miller, G.V., Farmery, S.M., Woodhouse, L.F., Primrose, J.N. Br. J. Cancer (1992) [Pubmed]
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