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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Adherent neutrophils mediate permeability after atelectasis.

Re-expansion of atelectatic lung is associated with increased permeability. This study tests whether neutrophils mediate this event. Right middle lobar atelectasis was induced in anesthesized rabbits (n = 18) by intraluminal obstruction of the bronchus after a 20-minute ventilation with 100% O2. After 1 hour of bronchial obstruction and 20 minutes after lobar re-expansion, leukopenia was noted, 2870 +/- 210 white blood cells (WBC)/mm3, relative to control animals treated with a noninflated balloon catheter, 6500 +/- 410 WBC/mm3 (p less than 0.05). Three hours after re-expansion, neutrophils were sequestered in the previously atelectatic region 78 +/- 7 polymorphonuclear leukocytes (PMN)/10 high-power field (HPF), as well as in nonatelectatic areas, 40 +/- 3 PMN/10 HPF, higher than control values of 26 +/- 3 PMN/10 HPF (p less than 0.05). In the atelectatic region, neutrophil sequestration was associated with increased protein concentration in lobar bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) of 1370 +/- 100 micrograms/mL, higher than control values of 270 +/- 20 micrograms/mL (p less than 0.05). Reexpansion also induced increases in lung wet-to-dry weight ratio (W/d) of 6.2 +/- 0.2, higher than control values of 4.3 +/- 0.1 (p less than 0.05). Rendering rabbits neutropenic (n = 18) (0 to 4 PMN/mm3) limited the atelectasis-induced protein accumulations in BAL (520 +/- 60 micrograms/mL) and increase in lung W/d (5.2 +/- 0.1) (both p less than 0.05). Intravenous (I.V.; treatment of another group (n = 18) with an anti-CD 18 monoclonal antibody (R 15.7, 1 mg/kg) before balloon deflation prevented leukopenia (6550 +/- 560 WBC/mm3), minimized neutrophil sequestration (36 +/- 2 PMN/10 HPF), and attenuated protein leak (710 +/- 95 micrograms/mL) and the increased lung W/d (5.6 +/- 0.1) (all p less than 0.05). A final atelectatic group (n = 9) was treated I.V. with the anti-intercellular adhesion molecule-1 monoclonal antibody (RR 1/1, 1 mg/kg), which also prevented leukopenia and showed similar protection of microvascular barrier function. These data indicate that adherent neutrophils in large part mediate lung permeability and edema after atelectasis and re-expansion. Adhesion receptors of both neutrophils and endothelial cells regulate this event.[1]


  1. Adherent neutrophils mediate permeability after atelectasis. Goldman, G., Welbourn, R., Rothlein, R., Wiles, M., Kobzik, L., Valeri, C.R., Shepro, D., Hechtman, H.B. Ann. Surg. (1992) [Pubmed]
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