The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Regulation of partitioned sterol biosynthesis in Saccharomyces cerevisiae.

Using yeast strains with null mutations in structural genes which encode delta-aminolevulinic acid synthetase (HEM1), isozymes of 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme A (HMG1 and HMG2), squalene epoxidase (ERG1), and fatty acid delta 9-desaturase (OLE1), we were able to determine the effect of hemes, sterols, and unsaturated fatty acids on both sterol production and the specific activity of 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme A reductase (HMGR) in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. We found that the HMGR isozymes direct essentially equal amounts of carbon to the biosynthesis of sterols under heme-competent conditions, despite a huge disparity (57-fold) in the specific activities of the reductases. Our results demonstrate that palmitoleic acid (16:1) acts as a rate-limiting positive regulator and that ergosterol acts as a potent inhibitor of sterol production in strains which possess only the HMGR1 isozyme (HMG1 hmg2). In strains which contain only the HMGR2 isozyme (hmg1 HMG2), sterol production was inhibited by oleic acid (18:1) and to a lesser degree by ergosterol. The specific activities of the two reductases (HMGR1 and HMGR2) were found to be differentially regulated by hemes but not by ergosterol, palmitoleic acid, or oleic acid. The disparate effects of unsaturated fatty acids and sterols on these strains lead us to consider the possibility of separate, compartmentalized isoprenoid pathways in S. cerevisiae.[1]


  1. Regulation of partitioned sterol biosynthesis in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Casey, W.M., Keesler, G.A., Parks, L.W. J. Bacteriol. (1992) [Pubmed]
WikiGenes - Universities