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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Changes of progesterone content of rat uterine flushings in relation to serum concentrations of progesterone during the oestrous cycle.

Uterine fluid was collected from four-day cyclic rats at each stage of the oestrous cycle and assayed for progesterone and protein content. Progesterone was determined by radioimmunoassay either after ethanol (or 2.5% NaOH) denaturation of proteins from uterine flushings ('total' progesterone) or without protein denaturation ('ether-extractable' progesterone). The amount of 'ether-extractable' progesterone in the lumen was constant from metoestrus to pro-oestrus (340 pg per uterus) but lower in oestrus (200 pg per uterus). However, 'total' progesterone content of uterine fluid was subject to cyclic variations and was highest in dioestrus (890 pg per uterus) and lowest in oestrus (350 pg per uterus), in contrast to serum progesterone which is lowest in dioestrus and highest in oestrus. Protein content of uterine flushings peaked to 780 micrograms per uterus in pro-oestrus then fell to about 140 micrograms per uterus until the end of the oestrous cycle. Changes in protein content of the lumen were followed by qualitative variations since the mean amount of 'bound' progesterone ('total' progesterone minus 'ether-extractable' progesterone) released per milligram of denatured lumen protein rose from 1.8 pmol in pro-oestrus to 18.2 pmol in dioestrus. The changes of luminal 'bound' progesterone during the oestrous cycle suggest that progesterone binding to luminal proteins could be an important modulator of progesterone action in rat uterus. Moreover, the variations in progesterone content of the lumen, irrespective of serum progesterone concentrations, are consistent with the hypothesis that progesterone synthesis occurs in the uterus.[1]


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