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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

In vitro inhibition of human leukemic cells (CCRF-CEM) by agarose-immobilized neocarzinostatin.

Neocarzinostatin (NCS) is an acidic protein (molecular weight, 10,700) isolated from Streptomyces carzinostaticus that has antitumor activity both in model rodent systems and in humans. In vitro it inhibits the growth of a human lymphoblastic leukemic cell line (CCRF-CEM) at a very low concentration (the amount of drug that causes a 50% inhibition of growth compared to control cultures as extrapolated from a dose-response curve (ID50), 2.4 X 10(-9) M). We covalently coupled NCS to the N-hydroxysuccinimide ester of agarose and obtained a product that, by a variety of biochemical and immunological criteria, has been demonstrated to be devoid of any free or loosely bound NCS. Agarose-bound NCS, which is unable to enter cells because of its size, retains a significant amount of inhibitory activity (ID50, 6 to 15 X 10(-9) M) and is also capable of inhibiting tritiated deoxythymidine incorporation into CCRF-CEM cells. Since agarose-bound NCS cannot enter mammalian cells, the above findings indicate that NCS is able to exert its toxic effects by binding to or reacting with receptors on the cell membrane.[1]


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