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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Effect of food deprivation and refeeding on the concentration of vasopressin and oxytocin in discrete hypothalamic sites.

Recent evidence has implicated hypothalamic peptides, such as arginine vasopressin (AVP) and oxytocin (OT) in the control of feeding behavior. In this study, we investigated the impact of food deprivation (48 h) and subsequent refeeding (6 h) on the concentration of AVP and OT in discrete hypothalamic areas, as well as in the neurohypophysis. We also estimated in these rats certain peripheral measures, including hydroelectrolytic parameters, plasma and urine AVP, and plasma corticosterone. The results of this study revealed that food deprivation for 48 h produced little change in OT concentration in the various hypothalamic nuclei studied, including the paraventricular and supraoptic nuclei, with the exception of the median eminence (ME), where a significant decline (-36%; p < 0.05) was detected. This effect was not significantly reversed by 6 h of refeeding. With respect to AVP concentration, food deprivation caused a reliable decline exclusively in the parvocellular subdivision of the paraventricular nucleus (pPVN; -45%; p < 0.01) and in the supraoptic nucleus (SON; -45%; p < 0.01). No change in AVP was detected in the ME or in most other hypothalamic nuclei examined. Refeeding for 6 h actually potentiated the effect of food deprivation, decreasing further from baseline the content of AVP in the pPVN and SON. The only other hypothalamic area to exhibit a change in AVP content was the ventromedial nucleus, where AVP level increased (p < 0.001) after deprivation and declined to normal after 6 h of refeeding. The content of AVP and OT in the neurohypophysis was unaffected by food deprivation and subsequent refeeding.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)[1]


  1. Effect of food deprivation and refeeding on the concentration of vasopressin and oxytocin in discrete hypothalamic sites. Burlet, A.J., Jhanwar-Uniyal, M., Chapleur-Chateau, M., Burlet, C.R., Leibowitz, S.F. Pharmacol. Biochem. Behav. (1992) [Pubmed]
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