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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Potential role for a novel AP180-related protein during endocytosis in MDCK cells.

Clathrin assembly protein, AP180, was originally identified as a brain-specific protein localized to the presynaptic junction. AP180 acts to limit vesicle size and maintain a pool of releasable synaptic vesicles during rapid recycling. In this study, we show that polarized epithelial Madin-Darby canine kidney (MDCK) cells express two AP180-related proteins: the ubiquitously expressed 62-kDa clathrin assembly lymphoid myeloid leukemia (CALM, AP180-2) protein and a novel high-molecular-weight homolog that we have named AP180-3. Sequence analysis of AP180-3 expressed in MDCK cells shows high homology to AP180 from rat brain. AP180-3 contains conserved motifs found in brain-specific AP180, including the epsin NH2-terminal homology (ENTH) domain, the binding site for the alpha-subunit of AP-2, and DLL repeats. Our studies show that AP180-3 from MDCK cells forms complexes with AP-2 and clathrin and that membrane recruitment of these complexes is modulated by phosphorylation. We demonstrate by immunohistochemistry that AP180-3 is localized to cytoplasmic vesicles in MDCK cells and is also present in tubule epithelial cells from mouse kidney. We observed by immunodetection that a high-molecular-weight AP180-related protein is expressed in numerous cells in addition to MDCK cells.[1]


  1. Potential role for a novel AP180-related protein during endocytosis in MDCK cells. Kusner, L., Carlin, C. Am. J. Physiol., Cell Physiol. (2003) [Pubmed]
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