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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

The size of cagA based on repeat sequence has the responsibility of the location of Helicobacter pylori in the gastric mucus and the degree of gastric mucosal inflammation.

The aim of this study was to examine whether there is a relationship between cagA size of Japanese Helicobacter pylori strains and the location of these strains in the mucous layer, the degree of gastric inflammation and acid survival. Upper gastrointestinal endoscopies were done to 144 patients with dyspeptic symptom with informed consent, sera, biopsy specimens and H. pylori strains were obtained, and gastric histology and susceptibility to pH 3 of the strains were evaluated. To determine cagA size of Japanese strains using PCR, cagA of strain CPY3401 was sequenced. 74 H. pylori samples (72 cagA+) were obtained from the body and 56 samples (56 cagA +) obtained from the antrum. cagA size of 72 H. pylori strains from the body was mainly classified into 3 groups (short (48), middle (8), long (9), and others (7)) by PCR and all of that of 56 strains from the antrum except 2 was short. The size of cagA of isolated strains from the body is associated with enhanced gastritis, acid survival, and the location in the mucus. The long size cagA of which strain is acid sensitive, may be a strong selective pressure on strain that colonizes close to the host, which enhanced gastritis.[1]


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