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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

The angiogenic peptide pleiotrophin (PTN/HB-GAM) is expressed in fracture healing: an immunohistochemical study in rats.

INTRODUCTION: Formation of new blood vessels is essential for the process of fracture healing. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We investigated the expression of the angiogenic factor pleiotrophin/HB-GAM in a closed fracture model in rats by immunohistochemical methods. RESULTS: Histologically, 5 days after fracture the callus was predominantly composed of fibrous tissue. On day 10 a prominent chondral callus connected both ends of the fractured tibia. There was a continuous transition from the chondral callus to the newly formed bone adjacent to the corticalis of the tibia. On day 15 the amount of woven bone had increased, and in 3 of 5 animals the proximal and distal tibiae were connected by a bridge of woven bone. Pleiotrophin could be immunostained in fibroblasts and endothelial cells of the fibrous tissue between the fractured tibia ends. The chondral callus remained largely pleiotrophin-negative. Only single chondrocytes adjacent to the newly formed bone were pleiotrophin-positive. On days 10 and 15 strong immunoreactivity for pleiotrophin in the well vascularized, newly formed, woven bone was detectable. Osteoblasts, endothelial cells and fibroblasts were strongly pleiotrophin-positive. CONCLUSIONS: These results show the presence of the angiogenic peptide pleiotrophin during fracture healing.[1]


  1. The angiogenic peptide pleiotrophin (PTN/HB-GAM) is expressed in fracture healing: an immunohistochemical study in rats. Petersen, W., Wildemann, B., Pufe, T., Raschke, M., Schmidmaier, G. Archives of orthopaedic and trauma surgery. (2004) [Pubmed]
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