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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)
 
 
 

Novel binding sites of 15-deoxy-Delta12,14-prostaglandin J2 in plasma membranes from primary rat cortical neurons.

15-Deoxy-Delta12,14-prostaglandin J2 (15d-Delta12,14-PGJ2) is an endogenous ligand for a nuclear peroxysome proliferator activated receptor-gamma (PPAR). We found novel binding sites of 15d-Delta12,14-PGJ2 in the neuronal plasma membranes of the cerebral cortex. The binding sites of [3H]15d-Delta12,14-PGJ2 were displaced by 15d-Delta12,14-PGJ2 with a half-maximal concentration of 1.6 microM. PGD2 and its metabolites also inhibited the binding of [3H]15d-Delta12,14-PGJ2. Affinities for the novel binding sites were 15d-Delta12,14-PGJ2 > Delta12-PGJ2 > PGJ2 > PGD2. Other eicosanoids and PPAR agonists did not alter the binding of [3H]15d-Delta12,14-PGJ2. In primary cultures of rat cortical neurons, we examined the pathophysiologic roles of the novel binding sites. 15d-Delta12,14-PGJ2 triggered neuronal cell death in a concentration-dependent manner, with a half-maximal concentration of 1.1 microM. The neurotoxic potency of PGD2 and its metabolites was also 15d-Delta12,14-PGJ2 > Delta12-PGJ2 > PGJ2 > PGD2. The morphologic and ultrastructural characteristics of 15d-Delta12,14-PGJ2-induced neuronal cell death were apoptotic, as evidenced by condensed chromatin and fragmented DNA. On the other hand, we detected little neurotoxicity of other eicosanoids and PPAR agonists. In conclusion, we demonstrated that novel binding sites of 15d-Delta12,14-PGJ2 exist in the plasma membrane. The present study suggests that the novel binding sites might be involved in 15d-Delta12,14-PGJ2-induced neuronal apoptosis.[1]

References

  1. Novel binding sites of 15-deoxy-Delta12,14-prostaglandin J2 in plasma membranes from primary rat cortical neurons. Yagami, T., Ueda, K., Asakura, K., Takasu, N., Sakaeda, T., Itoh, N., Sakaguchi, G., Kishino, J., Nakazato, H., Katsuyama, Y., Nagasaki, T., Okamura, N., Hori, Y., Hanasaki, K., Arimura, A., Fujimoto, M. Exp. Cell Res. (2003) [Pubmed]
 
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