The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Effects of glutathione on antioxidant response element-mediated gene expression and apoptosis elicited by sulforaphane.

Sulforaphane (SFN) and its N-acetyl-L-cysteine (NAC) conjugate are effective inhibitors of tumorigenesis in animal models. These compounds induce the expression of the antioxidant response element (ARE)-related genes and cause apoptosis. We studied the role of reduced glutathione (GSH) in the activations of ARE-mediated gene expression, apoptosis, and the activation of c-Jun NH(2)-terminal kinase ( JNK) in HepG2-C8 cells. The cellular level of GSH decreased transiently when cells were exposed to SFN and then increased from 4 h, reaching 2.2-fold over control at 24 h. In contrast, SFN-NAC did not change the GSH level substantially during the time of incubation. ARE expression was increased in a dose-dependent manner up to 35 micro M SFN and 75 micro M SFN-NAC, respectively. The induction of ARE by SFN was 8.6-fold higher than that by SFN-NAC. Pretreatment with L-buthionine sulfoximine increased SFN-induced ARE expression significantly. The decrease in ARE expression at higher concentrations of SFN and SFN-NAC was correlated with accelerated apoptotic cell death, with a dose-dependent activation of caspase 3 activity by SFN. On addition of extracellular GSH within 6 h of treatment with SFN, the effect on ARE expression was blocked almost completely. SFN was able to activate JNK1/2, and that activation was blocked by treatment with exogenous GSH. Taken together, these results suggest that the biological effects of SFN and SFN-NAC on the induction of ARE-related gene expression and apoptosis could be different from each other; however, the different effects on ARE-related gene expression and apoptosis elicited by SFN can be blocked by the addition of GSH.[1]


  1. Effects of glutathione on antioxidant response element-mediated gene expression and apoptosis elicited by sulforaphane. Kim, B.R., Hu, R., Keum, Y.S., Hebbar, V., Shen, G., Nair, S.S., Kong, A.N. Cancer Res. (2003) [Pubmed]
WikiGenes - Universities