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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Molecular characterization of human and rat organic anion transporter OATP-D.

We have isolated and characterized a novel human and rat organic anion transporter subtype, OATP-D. The isolated cDNA from human brain encodes a polypeptide of 710 amino acids (Mr 76,534) with 12 predicted transmembrane domains. The rat clone encodes 710 amino acids (Mr 76,821) with 97.6% amino acid sequence homology with human OATP-D. Human and rat OATP-D have moderate amino acid sequence homology with LST-l/rlst-1, the rat oatp family, the prostaglandin transporter, and moatl/MOAT1/KIAA0880/OATP-B. Phylogenetic tree analysis revealed that OATP-D is branched in a different position from all known organic anion transporters. OATP-D transports prostaglandin E1 (Km 48.5 nM), prostaglandin E2 (Km 55.5 nM), and prostaglandin F2,, suggesting that, functionally, OATP-D encodes a protein that has similar characteristics to those of the prostaglandin transporter. Rat OATP-D also transports prostaglandins. The expression pattern of OATP-D mRNA was abundant mainly in the heart, testis, brain, and some cancer cells. Immunohistochemical analysis further revealed that rat OATP-D is widely expressed in the vascular, renal, and reproductive system at the protein level. These results suggest that OATP-D plays an important role in translocating prostaglandins in specialized tissues and cells.[1]


  1. Molecular characterization of human and rat organic anion transporter OATP-D. Adachi, H., Suzuki, T., Abe, M., Asano, N., Mizutamari, H., Tanemoto, M., Nishio, T., Onogawa, T., Toyohara, T., Kasai, S., Satoh, F., Suzuki, M., Tokui, T., Unno, M., Shimosegawa, T., Matsuno, S., Ito, S., Abe, T. Am. J. Physiol. Renal Physiol. (2003) [Pubmed]
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