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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Attachment of periodontal ligament cells to chlorhexidine-loaded guided tissue regeneration membranes.

BACKGROUND: Early exposure of a guided tissue regeneration (GTR) membrane in the oral cavity results in bacterial contamination, which may lead to failure or incomplete regeneration. Incorporation of antimicrobial agents in GTR membranes may be valuable to control membrane-associated infection during GTR therapy. The purpose of this study was to evaluate whether the incorporation of chlorhexidine into various GTR membranes improves the attachment of periodontal ligament cells in the presence of Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans. METHODS: The possible effects of chlorhexidine on the viability of primary human periodontal ligament (PDL) cells were determined using 3-[4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl]-2,5 diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT), which measures cellular metabolic activity. An expanded polytetrafluoroethylene (ePTFE) membrane, glycolide fiber membrane, and collagen membrane were loaded with chlorhexidine and characterized. Attachment of PDL cells to the chlorhexidine-loaded membranes with or without A. actinomycetemcomitans was examined using scanning electron microscopy (SEM) analysis. RESULTS: Relative cellular viability of PDL cells was reduced to approximately 50% when 15 microg/ml (0.0015%) of chlorhexidine was used. Chlorhexidine released from the coated GTR membranes inhibited the growth of A. actinomycetemcomitans. At the concentration used in this study, chlorhexidine incorporated into the GTR membranes did not interfere with the attachment of PDL cells. The inhibitory effects of A. actinomycetemcomitans on cellular attachment were reduced using chlorhexidine-loaded membranes, including ePTFE, glycolide fiber, and collagen membranes. CONCLUSIONS: These results suggest that incorporation of chlorhexidine into GTR membranes is beneficial in reducing bacterial effects on cellular attachment. The future application of chlorhexidine-loaded membranes during GTR therapy may be of value.[1]


  1. Attachment of periodontal ligament cells to chlorhexidine-loaded guided tissue regeneration membranes. Chen, Y.T., Hung, S.L., Lin, L.W., Chi, L.Y., Ling, L.J. J. Periodontol. (2003) [Pubmed]
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