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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

The scurs locus in cattle maps to bovine chromosome 19.

Polled, or the absence of horns, is a desirable trait for many cattle breeders. However, the presence of scurs, which are small horn-like structures that are not attached to the skull, can lower the value of an animal. The scurs trait has been reported as sex influenced. Using a genome scan with 162 autosomal microsatellite markers genotyped across three full-sib families, the scurs locus was mapped near BMS2142 on cattle chromosome 19 (LOD = 4.21). To more precisely map scurs, the families from the initial analysis and three additional families were genotyped for 16 microsatellite markers and SNPs in three genes on chromosome 19. In this subsequent analysis, the scurs locus was mapped 4 cM distal of BMS2142 (LOD = 4.46) and 6 cM proximal to IDVGA46 (LOD = 2.56). ALOX12 and MFAP4 were the closest genes proximal and distal, respectively, to the scurs locus. Three microsatellite markers on the X chromosome were genotyped across these six families but were not linked to scurs, further demonstrating that this trait was not sex linked. Because the polled locus has been mapped to the centromeric end of chromosome 1 and scurs has now been mapped to chromosome 19, these two traits are not linked in Bos taurus.[1]


  1. The scurs locus in cattle maps to bovine chromosome 19. Asai, M., Berryere, T.G., Schmutz, S.M. Anim. Genet. (2004) [Pubmed]
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