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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Licofelone--clinical update on a novel LOX/COX inhibitor for the treatment of osteoarthritis.

Licofelone, a competitive inhibitor of 5-lipoxygenase, cyclooxygenase (COX)-1 and COX-2, is currently in clinical development for the treatment of osteoarthritis (OA). Licofelone decreases the production of proinflammatory leukotrienes and prostaglandins-which are involved in the pathophysiology of OA and in gastrointestinal (GI) damage induced by NSAIDs-and has the potential to combine good analgesic and anti-inflammatory effects with excellent GI tolerability. Initial endoscopy data in healthy volunteers have demonstrated that licofelone is well tolerated and has a GI safety profile similar to placebo and significantly better than naproxen. These tolerability results were confirmed in patients with OA in two separate randomized studies. Furthermore, a long-term study (52 weeks) has shown that licofelone is at least as effective as naproxen in the treatment of OA. Licofelone also appears to be as effective as the selective COX-2 inhibitor celecoxib in the treatment of the signs and symptoms of OA. Licofelone has a GI safety profile similar to that of celecoxib, but may offer the advantage of fewer incidences or worsening of peripheral oedema. Preliminary data have also shown that licofelone coadministration with low-dose aspirin does not lead to increased GI toxicity. The emerging clinical data for licofelone indicate that it is an effective and well-tolerated therapy that could offer safety advantages over current treatment options, and that it could be suitable for the long-term treatment of a broad spectrum of patients with OA.[1]


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